LGBTQ+ History

Teaching LGBTQ+ history, inclusion, and celebrating differences in your Homeschool

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The LGBTQ+ population is often left out of history curricula. It’s a fact that LGBTQ+ History is documented as far back as 9,000 BCE!

World History Timeline of LGBTQ+ History

LGBTQ+ people are everywhere and it’s important that children grow up seeing them as normal people. As homeschool parents, we have a responsibility to give our children a full and inclusive education. There are almost 8 billion people in the world so different and diverse in so many ways: in skin color, language, culture, and life experiences. With so many types of individuals, its essential to give our children the knowledge and vocabulary to understand others.

It’s vital to embrace differences in others. Exposing young children to diversity teaches them about kindness and inclusivity. This can be a natural part of everyday living as children develop relationships outside their family. Another way to ensure diversity in children’s lives is to choose toys, books and media that reflect all types of people. Be sure to include images of people with a variety of backgrounds, ages, abilities, and characters that break stereotypes race, culture, men and women. Also, be sure to use art supplies in a wide range of skin, eye and hair colors.

Incorporating toys like this Inclusive Doll Set help children become more aware of differences from an early age:

It’s disappointing that the LGBTQ+ community is often overlooked in educational curricula. But as parents, we have a wonderful opportunity to teach our children about this essential topic in a warm and age-appropriate way. Inclusivity, diversity, and respect are values that can shape the next generation. Join us as we explore simple ways to help your child become a world citizen and LGBTQ+ ally.

Open and Honest Conversations: Let’s create a safe space where your child feels free to ask questions about differences openly and honestly as they come up. Answer honestly and if you don’t know the answers, seek them out. Use language and relatable examples that suit their age. Above all, emphasize the importance of treating everyone with respect and kindness, regardless of their gender identity or sexual orientation.

Introduce LGBTQ+ Inclusive Books: Books hold incredible power to foster empathy and understanding. We’ve created an extensive and diverse selection of literature that features LGBTQ+ characters or highlights themes of inclusivity and acceptance. Below, you’ll find age-appropriate recommendations, including both fiction and nonfiction and historical resources.

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Celebrate LGBTQ+ History and Achievements: While LGBTQ+ History is often overlooked, we can bring its stories to life for your child. From LGBTQ activists, artists, and leaders who have made a positive impact on our world. For older children, we have LGBTQ history reference books that offer valuable insights and can even serve as references for research projects.

Encourage Active Support and Allyship: Empower your child to become an active ally. Teach them to challenge stereotypes, stand up against discrimination, and be supportive of their LGBTQ+ peers. Emphasize the importance of embracing diversity, fostering inclusivity, and creating a world where everyone feels valued and accepted.

You have the power to guide your children to become compassionate and informed global citizens. Help them to shape a future where everyone is embraced and respected for exactly who they are.

The following collection of books will help your children learn about the struggles and triumphs of the LGBTQ+ community. They help to teach about bias and prejudice, promote respect for diversity, and encourage social action.

But most importantly, theses books teach your kids that:

Categories:

Ages 4-8 fiction and nonfiction
Ages 9-12 fiction and nonfiction
Ages 13+ fiction and nonfiction
LGBTQ+ History Books and References

Ages 4-8

This is the perfect age to normalize LGBTQ+ people and relationships. Consider how you speak about relationships with your kids as well. Use neutral and inclusive language as much as possible. This way your kids are accepting of other people they will meet, but it will also help them accept themselves if they are LGBTQ+.

Non-Fiction
  1. This Day in June
  2. When You Look Out the Window: How Phyllis Lyon and Del Martin Built a Community
  3. Pride: The Story of Harvey Milk and the Rainbow Flag (also download the FREE Pride discussion guide pdf)
  4. Sewing the Rainbow
  5. Stonewall: A Building. An Uprising. A Revolution
  6. Who Are You?: The Kid’s Guide to Gender Identity
  7. It Feels Good to Be Yourself: A Book About Gender Identity
  8. I Am Jazz

Many parents want to raise children who are LGBTQ+ allies, but it isn’t always clear how to do that, particularly for non-LGBTQ+ families. This can feel difficult, especially if you weren’t taught that in your own household growing up. This age-appropriate booklist will help your child gain the tools they will need. Teaching your children to be an effective ally is about teaching them to listen to others.

Raising Allies!

Fiction

  1. Heather Has Two Mommies
  2. Love Makes a Family
  3. And Tango Makes Three
  4. Stella Brings the Family
  5. Uncle Bobby’s Wedding
  6. Papa, Daddy, and Riley
  7. Prince & Knight
  8. Maiden & Princess
  9. King & King
  10. When Aidan Became a Brother
  11. Red: A Crayon’s Story
  12. A Day in the Life of Marlon Bundo
  13. A Day of Pride
  14. From the Stars in the Sky to the Fish in the Sea
  15. Sparkle Boy
  16. Julian is a Mermaid
  17. Love is Love
  18. Rainbow: A First Book of Pride
  19. A Family is a Family is a Family
  20. In Our Mother’s House
  21. We Are Family
  22. The Bravest Knight Who Ever Lived
  23. Promised Land Tales Series

Ages 9-12

Ages 9 to 12 is the time when lots of people start to realize they are part of the LGBTQ+ community. It’s so important to continue to provide your kids with stories with diverse characters.

Non-Fiction

  1. Gay & Lesbian History for Kids: The Century-Long Struggle for LGBT Rights, with 21 Activities
  2. Queer Heroes: Meet 53 LGBTQ Heroes from Past & Present!
  3. Rainbow Revolutionaries: Fifty LGBTQ+ People Who Made History
  4. The Stonewall Riots: Coming Out in the Streets
  5. Pride: Celebrating Diversity & Community
  6. You Be You! The Kid’s Guide to Gender, Sexuality, and Family

Fiction

  1. Rick
  2. They She He Me: Free to Be!
  3. George
  4. Better Nate Than Ever
  5. Drama
  6. Ivy Aberdeen’s Letter to the World
  7. The Mighty Heart of Sunny St. James
  8. Star Crossed
  9. The Whispers
  10. Drum Roll, Please
  11. Gracefully Grayson
  12. Lily and Dunkin
  13. King and the Dragonflies
  14. Lumberjanes
  15. The Misadventures of the Family Fletcher
  16. The Family Fletcher Takes Rock Island
  17. This Would Make a Good Story Someday
  18. Middle School’s a Drag, You Better Werk!
  19. The Misfits Series
  20. Hurricane Child
  21. The Mysterious Edge of the Heroic World
  22. The Parker Inheritance
  23. Witch Boy Graphic Novel Series
  24. Snapdragon
  25. The Tea Dragon Society
  26. The Moon Within

Ages 13+

Non-Fiction

  1. This Book Is Gay
  2. LGBTQ: The Survival Guide for Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Teens
  3. Beyond the Gender Binary
  4. The New Queer Conscience
  5. Queer Games Avant-Garde: How LGBTQ Game Makers are Reimagining the Medium of Video Games
  6. Out!: How to be Your Authentic Self
  7. David Bowie Made Me Gay: 100 Years of LGBT Music

Fiction

  1. How to Make a Wish
  2. Darius the Great Series
  3. Aristotle and Dante Discover the Secrets of the Universe
  4. Simon Snow Trilogy
  5. Cemetery Boys
  6. The Gentleman’s Guide to Vice and Virtue
  7. The House in the Cerulean Sea
  8. I Wish You All the Best
  9. If I Was Your Girl
  10. Simon vs The Homo Sapiens Agenda
  11. Leah on the Offbeat
  12. The Mermaid, the Witch, and the Sea
  13. Odd One Out
  14. The Stars and the Blackness Between Them
  15. Yesterday is History
  16. History is All You Left Me
  17. Juliet Takes a Breath
  18. Like a Love Story
  19. We Are Totally Normal
  20. The Dangerous Art of Blending In
  21. The Handsome Girl & Her Beautiful Boy
  22. The Miseducation of Cameron Post
  23. As The Crow Flies
  24. Not Your Sidekick
  25. Anger Is a Gift: A Novel
  26. The Summer of Jordi Perez (And the Best Burger in Los Angeles)
  27. You Should See Me in a Crown
  28. Like Water
  29. Beautiful Music for Ugly Children
  30. The Stars Beneath Our Feet
  31. The Priory of the Orange Tree
  32. Elatsoe
  33. The Invisible Life of Addie LaRue
  34. The Black Flamingo
  35. Heartstopper Series

LGBTQ+ History Books

  1. The Gay Revolution: The Story of the Struggle
  2. Making Gay History: The Half-Century Fight for Lesbian and Gay Equal Rights
  3. The Lavender Scare: The Cold War Persecution of Gays and Lesbians in the Federal Government
  4. Pride: The Story of the LGBTQ Equality Movement – you’ll want a hard copy of this. It’s very visual and the ebook just doesn’t work quite right.
  5. Stonewall: Breaking Out in the Fight for Gay Rights
  6. We Are Everywhere: Protest, Power, and Pride in the History of Queer Liberation
  7. Our Gay History in Fifty States
  8. The Book of Pride: LGBTQ Heroes Who Changed the World
  9. A Queer History of the United States for Young People
  10. Gay & Lesbian History for Kids: The Century-Long Struggle for LGBT Rights, with 21 Activities
  11. A Little Gay History: Desire and Diversity Across the World
  12. Understanding and Teaching U.S. Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender History  (for teaching high school)
  13. Love Wins: The Lovers and Lawyers Who Fought the Landmark Case for Marriage Equality
  14. Transgender History, second edition: The Roots of Today’s Revolution
  15. The Stonewall Reader
  16. A Desired Past: A Short History of Same-Sex Love in America

Timeline of LGBTQ+ milestones in the United States

1924 – The Society for Human Rights is founded by Henry Gerber in Chicago. It is the first documented gay rights organization.

1950 – The Mattachine Society is formed by activist Harry Hay and is one of the first sustained gay rights groups in the United States. The Society focuses on social acceptance and other support for homosexuals.

April 1952 – The American Psychiatric Association’s diagnostic manual lists homosexuality as a sociopathic personality disturbance.

April 27, 1953 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs an executive order that bans homosexuals from working for the federal government, saying they are a security risk.

September 1955 – The first known lesbian rights organization in the United States forms in San Francisco. Daughters of Bilitis (DOB). They host private social functions, fearing police raids, threats of violence and discrimination in bars and clubs.

July 1961 – Illinois becomes the first state to decriminalize homosexuality by repealing their sodomy laws.

September 11, 1961 – The first US-televised documentary about homosexuality airs on a local station in California.

June 28, 1969 – Police raid the Stonewall Inn in New York City. Protests and demonstrations begin, and it later becomes known as the impetus for the gay civil rights movement in the United States.

1969 – The “Los Angeles Advocate,” founded in 1967, is renamed “The Advocate.” It is considered the oldest continuing LGBTQ publication that began as a newsletter published by the activist group Personal Rights in Defense and Education (PRIDE) in 1966.

June 28, 1970 – Community members in New York City march through the local streets to recognize the one-year anniversary of the Stonewall riots. This event is named Christopher Street Liberation Day and is now considered the first gay pride parade.

1973 – Lambda Legal becomes the first legal organization established to fight for the equal rights of gays and lesbians. Lambda also becomes their own first client after being denied non-profit status; the New York Supreme Court eventually rules that Lambda Legal can exist as a non-profit.

January 1, 1973 – Maryland becomes the first state to statutorily ban same-sex marriage.

March 26, 1973 – First meeting of “Parents and Friends of Gays,” which goes national as Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG) in 1982.

December 15, 1973 – By a vote of 5,854 to 3,810, the American Psychiatric Association removes homosexuality from its list of mental disorders in the DSM-II Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

1974 – Kathy Kozachenko becomes the first openly LGBTQ American elected to any public office when she wins a seat on the Ann Arbor, Michigan City Council.

1974 – Elaine Noble is the first openly gay candidate elected to a state office when she is elected to the Massachusetts State legislature.

January 14, 1975 – The first federal gay rights bill is introduced to address discrimination based on sexual orientation. The bill later goes to the Judiciary Committee but is never brought for consideration.

March 1975 – Technical Sergeant Leonard P. Matlovich reveals his sexual orientation to his commanding officer and is forcibly discharged from the Air Force six months later. Matlovich is a Vietnam War veteran and was awarded both the Purple Heart and the Bronze Star. In 1980, the Court of Appeals rules that the dismissal was improper. Matlovich is awarded his back pay and a retroactive promotion.

1976 – After undergoing gender reassignment surgery in 1975, ophthalmologist and professional tennis player Renee Richards is banned from competing in the women’s US Open because of a “women-born-women” rule. Richards challenges the decision and in 1977 and the New York Supreme Court rules in her favor. Richards competes in the 1977 US Open but is defeated in the first round by Virginia Wade.

January 9, 1978 – Harvey Milk is inaugurated as San Francisco city supervisor, and is the first openly gay man to be elected to a political office in California. In November, Milk and Mayor George Moscone are murdered by Dan White, who had recently resigned from his San Francisco board position and wanted Moscone to reappoint him. White later serves just over five years in prison for voluntary manslaughter.

1978 – Inspired by Milk to develop a symbol of pride and hope for the LGBTQ community, Gilbert Baker designs and stitches together the first rainbow flag.

October 14, 1979 – The first National March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights takes place. It draws an estimated 75,000 to 125,000 individuals marching for LGBTQ rights.

March 2, 1982 – Wisconsin becomes the first state to outlaw discrimination based on sexual orientation.

1983 – Lambda Legal wins People v. West 12 Tenants Corp., the first HIV/AIDS discrimination lawsuit. Neighbors attempted to evict Dr. Joseph Sonnabend from the building because he was treating HIV-positive patients.

October 11, 1988 – The first National Coming Out Day is observed.

November 30, 1993 – President Bill Clinton signs a military policy directive that prohibits openly gay and lesbian Americans from serving in the military, but also prohibits the harassment of “closeted” homosexuals. The policy is known as “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell.

November 1995 – The Hate Crimes Sentencing Enhancement Act goes into effect as part of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994. The law allows a judge to impose harsher sentences if there is evidence showing that a victim was selected because of the “actual or perceived race, color, religion, national origin, ethnicity, gender, disability, or sexual orientation of any person.”

September 21, 1996 – President Clinton signs the Defense of Marriage Act, banning federal recognition of same-sex marriage and defining marriage as “a legal union between one man and one woman as husband and wife.”

December 3, 1996 – Hawaii’s Judge Chang rules that the state does not have a legal right to deprive same-sex couples of the right to marry, making Hawaii the first state to recognize that gay and lesbian couples are entitled to the same privileges as heterosexual married couples.

April 1997 – Comedian Ellen DeGeneres comes out as a lesbian on the cover of Time magazine, stating, “Yep, I’m Gay.”

April 30, 1997 – DeGeneres’ character, Ellen Morgan, on her self-titled TV series “Ellen,” becomes the first leading character to come out on a prime-time network television show.

April 1, 1998 – Martin Luther King Jr.’s widow, Coretta Scott King, asks the civil rights community to help in the effort to extinguish homophobia.

October 6-7, 1998 – Matthew Shepard is tied to a fence and beaten near Laramie, Wyoming. He is eventually found by a cyclist, who initially mistakes him for a scarecrow. He later dies due to his injuries sustained in the beating.

October 9, 1998 – Russell Henderson and Aaron McKinney from Laramie, Wyoming, make their first court appearance after being arrested for the attempted murder of Shepard. Eventually, they each receive two life sentences for killing Shepard.

June 2003 – The US Supreme Court strikes down the “homosexual conduct” law, which decriminalizes same-sex sexual conduct, with their opinion in Lawrence v. Texas. The decision also reverses Bowers v. Hardwick, a 1986 US Supreme Court ruling that upheld Georgia’s sodomy law.

May 17, 2004 – The first legal same-sex marriage in the United States takes place in Massachusetts.

September 6, 2005 – The California legislature becomes the first to pass a bill allowing marriage between same-sex couples. Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger vetoes the bill.

October 25, 2006 – The New Jersey Supreme Court rules that state lawmakers must provide the rights and benefits of marriage to gay and lesbian couples.

May 15, 2008 – The California Supreme Court rules in re: Marriage Cases that limiting marriage to opposite-sex couples is unconstitutional.

November 4, 2008 – Voters approve Proposition 8 in California, which makes same-sex marriage illegal. The proposition is later found to be unconstitutional by a federal judge.

August 12, 2009 – Milk is posthumously awarded the Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama.

October 28, 2009 – Obama signs the Matthew Shepard and James Byrd Jr. Hate Crimes Prevention Act into law.

September 20, 2011 – “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” is repealed, ending a ban on gay men and lesbians from serving openly in the military.

May 9, 2012 – In an ABC interview, Obama becomes the first sitting US president to publicly support the freedom for LGBTQ couples to marry.

September 4, 2012 – The Democratic Party becomes the first major US political party in history to publicly support same-sex marriage on a national platform at the Democratic National Convention.

November 6, 2012 – Tammy Baldwin becomes the first openly gay politician and the first Wisconsin woman to be elected to the US Senate.

June 26, 2013 – In United States v. Windsor, the US Supreme Court strikes down section 3 of the Defense of Marriage Act, ruling that legally married same-sex couples are entitled to federal benefits. The high court also dismisses a case involving California’s proposition 8.

October 6, 2014 – The United States Supreme Court denies review in five different marriage cases, allowing lower court rulings to stand, and therefore allowing same-sex couples to marry in Utah, Oklahoma, Virginia, Indiana and Wisconsin. The decision opens the door for the right to marry in Colorado, Kansas, North Carolina, South Carolina, West Virginia and Wyoming.

June 9, 2015 – Secretary of Defense Ash Carter announces that the Military Equal Opportunity policy has been adjusted to include gay and lesbian military members.

April 28, 2015 – The US Supreme Court hears oral arguments on the question of the freedom to marry in Kentucky, Tennessee, Ohio and Michigan. On June 26 the Supreme Court rules that states cannot ban same-sex marriage. The 5-4 ruling had Justice Anthony Kennedy writing for the majority. Each of the four conservative justices writes their own dissent.

July 27, 2015 – Boy Scouts of America President Robert Gates announces, “the national executive board ratified a resolution removing the national restriction on openly gay leaders and employees.”

May 17, 2016 – The Senate confirms Eric Fanning to be secretary of the Army, making him the first openly gay secretary of a US military branch. Fanning previously served as Defense Secretary Carter’s chief of staff, and also served as undersecretary of the Air Force and deputy undersecretary of the Navy.

June 24, 2016 – Obama announces the designation of the first national monument to lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBTQ) rights. The Stonewall National Monument will encompass Christopher Park, the Stonewall Inn and the surrounding streets and sidewalks that were the sites of the 1969 Stonewall uprising.

June 30, 2016 – Secretary of Defense Carter announces that the Pentagon is lifting the ban on transgender people serving openly in the US military.

August 5-21, 2016 – A record number of “out” athletes compete in the summer Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro. The Human Rights Campaign estimates that there are at least 41 openly lesbian, gay and bisexual Olympians – up from 23 that participated in London 2012.

November 9, 2016 – Kate Brown is sworn in as governor of Oregon, a day after she was officially elected to the office. Brown becomes the highest-ranking LGBTQ person elected to office in the United States. Brown took over the governorship in February 2016 (without an election), after Democrat John Kitzhaber resigned amidst a criminal investigation.

April 4, 2017 – The 7th Circuit Court of Appeals rules that the Civil Rights Act prohibits workplace discrimination against LGBTQ employees, after Kimberly Hively sues Ivy Tech Community College for violating Title VII of the act by denying her employment.

June 27, 2017 – District of Columbia residents can now choose a gender-neutral option of their driver’s license. DC residents become the first people in the United States to be able to choose X as their gender marker instead of male or female on driver’s licenses and identification cards. Similar policies exist in Canada, India, Bangladesh, Australia, New Zealand and Nepal.

June 30, 2017 – The US Department of Defense announces a six-month delay in allowing transgendered individuals to enlist in the United States military. Defense Secretary Jim Mattis writes that they “will use this additional time to evaluate more carefully the impact of such accessions on readiness and lethality.” Approximately a month later, President Donald Trump announces via Twitter that the “United States Government will not accept or allow Transgender individuals to serve in any capacity in the US Military…”

November 7, 2017 – Virginia voters elect the state’s first openly transgender candidate to the Virginia House of Delegates. Danica Roem unseats incumbent delegate Bob Marshall, who had been elected 13 times over 26 years. Roem becomes the first openly transgender candidate elected to a state legislature in American history.

February 26, 2018 – The Pentagon confirms that the first transgender person has signed a contract to join the US military.

March 4, 2018 – Daniela Vega, the star of Oscar-winning foreign film “A Fantastic Woman,” becomes the first openly transgender presenter in Academy Awards history when she introduces a performance by Sufjan Stevens, whose song “Mystery of Love” from the “Call Me By Your Name” soundtrack, is nominated for best original song.

March 23, 2018 – The Trump administration announces a new policy that bans most transgender people from serving in military. After several court battles, the Supreme Court allows the ban to go into effect in January 2019.

November 6, 2018 – Democratic US Representative Jared Polis wins the Colorado governor’s race, becoming the nation’s first openly gay man to be elected governor.

June 30, 2019 – New York Governor Andrew Cuomo signs a law banning the use of the so-called gay and trans panic legal defense strategy. The tactic asks a jury to find that a victim’s sexual orientation or gender identity is to blame for a defendant’s violent reaction. New York follows California, Rhode Island, Illinois, Nevada and Connecticut as the sixth state to pass such a law.

September 22, 2019 – Billy Porter becomes the first openly gay Black man to win the Emmy for best lead actor in a drama series.

February 10, 2020 – The 9th Circuit Court of Appeals upholds a ruling that the state of Idaho must provide gender confirmation surgery for Adree Edmo, an inmate in the custody of the Idaho Department of Correction. The ruling marks the first time a federal appeals court has ruled that a state must provide gender assignment surgery to an incarcerated person. According to the court opinion, “the gender confirmation surgery (GCS) was medically necessary for Edmo, and ordered the State to provide the surgery.” In July 2020, Edmo receives her gender confirmation surgery and a May 2020 appeal by Attorney General of Idaho, Lawrence Wasden, is denied as moot by the US Supreme Court in October 2020.

June 15, 2020 – The Supreme Court rules that federal law protects LGBTQ workers from discrimination. The landmark ruling extends protections to millions of workers nationwide and is a defeat for the Trump administration, which argued that Title VII of the Civil Rights Act that bars discrimination based on sex did not extend to claims of gender identity and sexual orientation.

August 26, 2020 – The 4th Circuit Court of Appeals rules in favor of former student, Gavin Grimm in a more than four-year fight over restroom policies for transgender students. The ruling states that policies segregating transgender students from their peers is unconstitutional and violate federal law prohibiting sex discrimination in education. The decision relies in part on the Supreme Court’s decision in June 2020, stating that discrimination against people based on their gender identity or sexual orientation violates Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In 2021, the Supreme Court chooses not to review the opinion by the 4th US Circuit Court of Appeals.

November 3-4, 2020 – The general election results in three legislative firsts. Sarah McBride wins the Senate race for Delaware District 1, and will become the nation’s first person who identifies as transgender to serve as a state senator. Ritchie Torres and Mondaire Jones, elected to serve New York’s 15th and 17th districts, will become the first Black men elected to Congress who identify as gay. Mauree Turner wins the race for Oklahoma state House for District 88, and will become the first nonbinary state legislator in US history and first Muslim lawmaker in Oklahoma.

January 25, 2021 – President Joe Biden signs an executive order repealing the 2019 Trump-era ban on most transgender Americans joining the military. “This is reinstating a position that the previous commanders and, as well as the secretaries, have supported. And what I’m doing is enabling all qualified Americans to serve their country in uniform,” Biden said, speaking from the Oval Office just before signing the executive order.

February 2, 2021 – Secretary of Transportation Pete Buttigieg becomes the first openly gay Cabinet member confirmed by the Senate.

March 24, 2021 – Dr. Rachel Levine, assistant secretary for health in the Department of Health and Human Services becomes the first out transgender federal official to be confirmed by the Senate.

June 21, 2021 – Carl Nassib, a defensive lineman with the Las Vegas Raiders, becomes the first active NFL player in league history to announce that he is gay.

June 30, 2021 – The State Department announces it will be updating its procedures to allow applicants to self-select their sex marker for passports and that it “will no longer require medical certification” if an applicant’s self-selected sex marker doesn’t match the sex listed on other official identity documents.

October 27, 2021 – The State Department announces that the US has issued the first US passport with an X gender marker. “As the Secretary announced in June, the Department is moving towards adding an X gender marker for non-binary, intersex, and gender non-conforming persons applying for a U.S. passport or CRBA,” State spokesperson Ned Price says in a statement.

October 19, 2022 – The Social Security Administration announces that people can now choose their gender marker in their Social Security records.

LGBTQ is an acronym meaning lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer or questioning. The term sometimes is extended to LGBTQIA, to include intersex and asexual groups. Queer is an umbrella term for non-straight people; intersex refers to those whose sex is not clearly defined because of genetic, hormonal, or biological differences; and asexual describes those who don’t experience sexual attraction.

For more information about teaching inclusivity in your homeschool or becoming more politically active, visit HRC (Human Rights Campaign)

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